EAS logoThe Next NYCF / EAS
Conservation Science Annual at the
Eastern Analytical Symposium (EAS)
November 11-16, 2006
Somerset, New Jersey

The Eastern Analytical Symposium (EAS) is an annual international professional meeting on analytical chemistry. The New York Conservation Foundation (NYCF) coordinates and co-supports the Conservation Science Annual symposia as part of annual EAS technical and exposition programs.


Since 1994, the EAS Program Committee, NYCF and other sponsors have supported these symposia on the scientific aspect of the preservation of cultural heritage such as art, architecture and archaeological materials: conservation science, the analytical methods and technology. Proposals to NYCF for future symposia are welcome throughout the year.

Click on the topic that you would like learn more about:

2006 Preliminary Program

Two Conservation Science Annual mini-symposia, the first with technical sessions and short courses.  All are arranged in conjunction with the Eastern Analytical Symposium:


Organized by the International Council of Museums Committee for Conservation’s Metals Working Group Coordinator Dr Christian Degrigny and ICOM-CC MWG co-Assistant Coordinator, EAS Governing Board member and NYCF President John Scott

Saturday and Sunday AM and PM, November 11-12, 2006

First Short Course, with Lectures and Laboratories:

“Introduction to parameters for monitoring, storage and treatment,“ Instructor Christian Degrigny

  • Day 1 :  Ecorr : Definition, measurement, and significant parameters
  • Day 2 :  Ecorr parameters;  Pourbaix diagrams;  conditions for storage and immersion treatment 


Monday, November 13, 2006


Electrochemical Study of Corrosion Processes and Control

Chair: Christian Degrigny, ICOM-CC Metal WG, Chateau de Germolles, Mellecey, FR

"Characterization of Cultural Metallic Artifacts Using Electrochemical Techniques: A Review," Virginia Costa, Institut National du Patrimoine (INP), St. Denis, FR

"Methods of Metallurgical Analysis in Developing and Evaluating Electrochemical and Other Conservation Techniques for Cultural Heritage," Desmond Cook, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA

"Use of Electrochemical Techniques to Study Protection Systems on Metals - From Theory to the Museum Application," David Hallam, National Museum of Australia, Canberra

"Coupled Electrochemical and Optical Methods for the Characterization of Protective Coatings on Metallic Substrates," Luisa Maria Abrantes, University of Lisbon Faculty of Sciences

"Electrochemical Evaluation of Protective Coatings on Bronze," Tara L Shedlosky, Dupont Imaging Technologies


In-situ Monitoring of Corrosion Processes on Metal Artifacts

Chair: Christian Degrigny

"Use of Corrosion Potentials for the In-situ Monitoring of Marine Wrecks," Ian MacLeod, Western Australian Museum, Welshpool DC

"Use of Polarization Measurements to Assess the Corrosion Behaviour of Outdoor Bronze Monuments," Blanca Rosales, CIDEPINT, Argentina

"Use of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy on Outdoor Bronze Monuments," Paola Letardi, CNR-ISMAR-Sezione di Genova, Genoa, IT

"Simultaneous In-situ Time Resolved SR-XRD and Corrosion Potential Analyses to Monitor the Corrosion on Copper Alloys," Annemie Adriaens, Ghent University


Tuesday, November 14, 2006


Electrochemical Treatment of Metal Artifacts

Chair: Christian Degrigny

"A Review of Electrochemical Techniques Used to Clean and Stabilize Metal Artifacts," Christian Degrigny, ICOM-CC Metal WG, Chateau de Germolles, Mellecey, FR
"Electrolytic Reduction in Maritime Archaeology Conservation," Donny L. Hamilton, Texas A&M University

"A Comparison of Subcritical Fluid Extraction to Electrochemical Methods for the Stabilization of Archaeological Iron," Paul Mardikian, Warren Lasch Conservation Center, North-Charleston, SC
"Remote Monitoring for the Electrochemical Treatment of Large Marine Artifacts," Jean-Bernard Mémet, Arc'Antique, Nantes, FR
"Local Treatment of Metallic Artifacts Using Portable Electrochemical Techniques," Virginia Costa, Institut National du Patrimoine (INP), St. Denis, FR
"Electrochemical Stabilization of Lead Artifacts Corroded After Exposure in Aggressive Organic Vapours," Annemie Adriaens, Ghent University


Electrochemistry in Conservation (contributed papers and panel to be announced)



Wednesday and Thursday AM and PM, November 15-16, 2006

Second  Short Course with Lectures and Laboratories:

 “Introduction to portable electrochemical devices,“ Lead instructor Virginia Costa ; presentations anticipated from Paola Letardi, Ian MacLeod, and Blanca Rosales

  • Day 1:  Basics: thermodynamics, kinetics, corrosion.
  • Day 2:  Applications (portable devices): ‘non-invasive’ analysis,  in-situ monitoring,  treatment 

Back to Top


Symposium II.  Archaeological Evidence for Ancient Beverages

Tuesday, November 14, 2006

Archaeological Evidence for Ancient Beverages

Chair: Donn Warner, Covenant Medical System, Lubbock, TX

"Toward the Rediscovery of Ancient Brewing Techniques," Donn Warner, Covenant Medical System, Lubbock, TX
"Ancient Fermented Beverages: East and West Along the Silk Road," Patrick McGovern, University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia
"Evidence for Early State Sponsored Brewing at Cerro Baul, Peru," Patrick Ryan Williams, The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago
"Beer Brewing in Medieval Scandinavia- Archaeobotanical and Soil Chemical Evidence," Karin Viklund, University of Umea, Sweden
"Early Celtic Brewing in Southern Germany," Hans-Peter Stika, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart

Back to Top


2006 Contributed Papers and Poster Session

Be a part of the 2006 Conservation Science Annual program by presenting in the Tuesday afternoon contributed papers session or in the poster session.  We invite interested persons to submit an abstract for a contributed paper or poster in the 2006 EAS Technical program; PLEASE SPECIFY that you are submitting for inclusion in the EAS/NYCF ELECTROCHEMICAL TECHNIQUES IN METAL CONSERVATION sessions of contributed papers and posters. 

All poster and paper proposals must be submitted online only, by April 15, 2006.  For more information please click here.

Back to Top

Propose a Session and/or Present a Paper in Your Research Area

The EAS Conservation Science Annual usually comprises one day of invited papers surveying a unified area or topic, and a second day of more diverse invited papers. Conservator-analyst members of the EAS Governing Board work with different session chairs each year to invite conservation scientist and analyst speakers whose research is important to the current development of their specialty areas and to applications of conservation science.

To propose future sessions or topics, please contact the EAS/NYCF CSA Coordinators:

Click to send your e-mail!

Back to Top

Past Years' Programs


*Deterioration of Metal Pipes in 16th - 18th Century European Organs (Chaired by Carla Martini, Institute of Metallurgy, University of Bologna, Italy)

-The phenomenon of sagging organ pipes caused by deterioration: structure and physical parameters of old and new lead for organ pipes and role in the process
P. Hallebeek, W.Wie, Netherlands Institute for Cultural Heritage, Amsterdam, H.Reil, Reil Organ builders, AA Heerde, The Netherlands
-COLLAPSE: an European project to save lead and lead-tin organ pipes from corrosion
C.J. Bergsten, Goteborg University, Goteborg Organ Art Center, GOArt
-Lead based organ pipes: influence of composition and microstructure on corrosion
Cristina Chiavari, Institute of Metallurgy, University of Bologna, Italy, C. Martini, G. Poli, D. Prandstraller
-X-Ray diffraction and electron microscopy studies of corrosion in lead-tin alloy organ pipes
Catherine Mary Oertel, Cornell Center for Materials Research, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, S. Baker, A. Niklasson, J.E. Svensson
-Tin rich organ pipes: tin pest or corrosion?
C. Chiavari, C. Martini, Daria Prandstraller, Institute of Metallurgy, University of Bologna, Italy

*Diverse Studies on Heritage in Metal (Chaired by John Scott, New York Conservation Foundation)

-Corrosion evaluation of the turret of the USS Monitor
Desmond C. Cook, Old Dominion University, C. E. Peterson, Newport News Mariners' Museum
-Chloride distribution measurements and corrosion product characterization on the H. L. Hunley submarine
Michael Drews, Clemson University.
-Radiocarbon dating of iron-based artifacts
Andrea C. Cook, San Diego High Tech High, J. Wadsworth, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
-Patinas of Italian Renaissance bronze sculptures
Richard E. Stone, Metropolitan Museum of Art
-A multidisciplinary approach to understanding fake patinas and corrosion products on Chinese Bronzes from the Harvard University Art Museums
S. Costello, F.Bewer, Katherine Eremin, Harvard University Art Museums
-Different corrosion behavior of Etruscan bronze vessels (Schnabelkannen) from the Bocchi collection of the National Archaeological Museum of Adria (RO), Italy
S. Bonomi, C.Martini, G. Poli, Daria Prandstraller, University of Bologna Institute of Metallurgy

*Geomatics for Heritage Conservation I  (Chaired by Holly Rushmeier, Yale University)

-Visualizing moveable heritage
Holly Rushmeier, Yale University
-Laser scanned 3D data processing, archiving, study and distribution
Dan Arnold, Arius 3D
-Laser scanned 3D documentation and reconstruction for art and archaeology
Paul Bloskie, Museum of Nature and Arius 3D; Lyndsie Selwyn and J. Logan, Canadian Conservation Institute
-Seeing into the past: creating a 3D modeling pipeline for archaeological visualization
Peter Allen, S. Feiner, A. Troccoli, H. Benko, E. Ishak, B. Smith, James Conlon, Columbia University
-Imaging technologies for remote heritage site modeling
Guy Godin, J-Angelo Beraldin, Canadian National Research Council Institute for Information Technology

*Geomatics for Heritage Conservation II (Chaired by Maurice Murphy, Dublin Institute of Technology)

-The CyArk 3D Heritage Archive Network
John A. Loomis, Kacyra Family Foundation & Stanford University
-The principles of laser scanning for recording architectural heritage
Eugene McGovern, Dublin Institute of Technology
-Architectural documentation by 3D laser scanning
Christoph Froehlich, Zoller + Froehlich GmbH
-Using scan and photogrammetric data to detect decay and damage to historic structures
Sava Pavia, University of Dublin Trinity College, Maurice Murphy, Dublin Institute of Technology.
-Recording historic structures using digital photogrammetry: Case studies from
Avril Beehan, M. Murphy, Dublin Institute of Technology

Back to Top


*Contaminated Collections and Inherent Collection Hazards -- Testing for Contaminants (Chaired by Judith J. Bischoff, Ph.D., National Park Service)

-Analytical Surveys of Museum Collections to Detect the Presence of Pesticide Residues
P. J. Sirois, Canadian Conservation Institute, Ottawa
-An Inexpensive Method to Test for Mercury Vapor in Herbarium Cabinets
C. Hawks, Conservator in Private Practice, West Virginia
-Organic Pesticide Contamination on Native American Artifacts - Methods, Results from Case Studies, and Next Steps
P. T. Palmer, San Francisco State University
-Use of Spot Tests for the Detection of Arsenic and Mercury Contamination: Recent Work at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History
B. Hamann, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh
-Investigations into Sampling Strategies for Organic Pesticide Residues at the National Museum of the American Indian
J. S. Johnson, National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution
-Methodologies for using Handheld XRF Technology for the Study of Pesticide Residues on Museum Objects
N. Odegaard, Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona

*Contaminated Collections and Inherent Collection Hazards -- Health & Safety (Chaired by Catherine Hawks, Conservator in Private Practice)

-Introduction, C. Hawks, Conservator in Private Practice
-Exposure of Museum Conservation Staff to Formaldehyde During Wet Specimen Activities
G. E. Burroughs, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Ohio
-Characterization and Mitigation of Occupational Exposure to Mercury Vapor Within Museum Collections
K. Makos, Smithsonian Office of Safety and Environmental Management
-Microbial Detoxification of Mercury Contaminated Museum Collections
T. Roane, University of Colorado at Denver
-The Detection and Mitigation Strategies of Contaminated NAGPRA Objects
P. Reuben, Seneca Nation of Indians
-Oh no! Ethnobotany
R. Kubiatowicz, Minnesota Historical Society, St Paul

*Consolidation of Natural Stone: Consolidants (Chaired by Stefan Simon, Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, CA)

-The Consolidation of Porous Building Materials: Historical Development of the Concept, Products Used in the Past, Present Trends
M. Laurenzi-Tabasso, ICCROM Consultant, Rome
-Rationale for the Use of Alkoxysilane Consolidants on Marble
G. Wheeler, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
-New Developments in Si-Organic Based Consolidants
E. Wendler, Fachlabor fur Konservierungsfragen
-Optimizing Colloidal Additions to Particle-Modified Consolidants
G. Scherer, Princeton University
-Use of Consolidants on Salt-Laden Stone
C. Price, University College London

*Consolidation of Natural Stone: Evaluation (Chaired by M. Laurenzi-Tabasso, ICCROM Consultant)

-How to Assess Efficiency and Durability of Consolidation Treatments
S. Simon, Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles
-New Diagnostic Tools for In Situ Evaluation of Conservative Treatments for Monumental Stones
P. Tiano, CNR Opere Arte, Florence
-Microbiological Implications of Consolidation Treatments
T. Warscheid, Bioconsult GbR, Germany
-Methods of Evaluation with Particular Emphasis on the Study of Small Samples
N. Weiss, Columbia University, New York
-Practical Experiences with TEOS Based Stone Repair Mortars
H. Leisen, Fachhochschule Koeln/Institut fur Restaurierungs und Konservierungswissenschaften, Germany

*Chemistry in Cultural Heritage Conservation, for EAS' careers seminars program, Fostering Careers in Chemistry: Interactions between Professional Chemists and Chemistry Students

This seminar, organized and led by conservator, heritage materials analyst, EAS Governing Board member and NYCF President John Scott, introduced college and high school students to science in cultural heritage preservation. Featured were Dr. Jennifer Mass, Professor in the University of Delaware’s (Newark, DE) graduate program in Conservation and conservation scientist at the Winterthur Museum, and Matthew Skopek of the Museum of Modern Art (New York City).  A good number of UDE graduate student lunched with the seminar group, greatly enhancing the younger students’ access to live information! Scott's colleagues described the importance of chemistry for their work, how learning chemistry and science had helped lead to their present careers, and how science and art students can approach their own educational and career planning. Registrants spoke  directly with the featured speakers, with current conservation graduate students, and with the seminar leader.

Back to Top


*Application of X-ray Related Analytical Techniques in the Conservation of Cultural Materials (Chaired by Matija Strlic, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia)

- The Use of X-ray Analysis in Conservation - an Overview
Manfred Schreiner, Institute of Sciences and Technologies in Art, Vienna, Austria)
- Synchrotron Light and Neutrons in Cultural Heritage Science: Application to painting pigments
E. Pantos, N. Salvadó, T. Pradell, J. Molera, M. Vendrell-Saz, L. Burgio, G. Martin, W.Kockelmann, Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington, UK, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya and Universitat de Barcelona, Spain, Victoria and Albert Museum and Christopher Ingold Laboratories, University College, London, UK, Mineralogical Institut, Bonn University at RAL-ISIS Facility, Chilton, UK
- X-ray microanalysis for vitreous materials
Mark T. Wypyski, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
- Survey of historical documents containing iron gall ink
Jana Kolar, Matija Strlic, National and University Library, Institute Jozef Stefan and University of Ljubljana, Slovenia

*Application of X-ray Related Analytical Techniques in the Conservation of Cultural Materials (Chaired by Jana Kolar, National and University Library, Ljubljana, Slovenia)

-X-ray analysis for printed materials
Matija Strlic, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
-Electron probe X-ray microanalysis for characterising atmospheric particles in museums and cathedrals
Zoya Spolnik, University of Antwerp, Belgium
- A custom made open-architecture secondary-fluorescer XRF spectrometer for the analysis of works of art
Marco Leona, Chris Deaton, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, California
- Ultra-micro analysis in conservation science using total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry
Alex von Bohlen, Institute of Spectrochemistry and Applied Spectroscopy, Dortmund, Germany

*The Deterioration of Inorganic Artifacts (Chaired by Gerhard Eggert, Academy of Art and Design, Stuttgart, Germany)

- The Decay of glass artifacts in the soil
Hannelore Roemich, Fraunhofer-Institute for Silicate Research, Bronnbach, Germany
- Silver tarnishing - a quantitative approach
Hubertus Ankersmit, Instituut Collectie Nederland
- Rusting of sculptural steels
John Scott, New York Conservation Center and Princeton University
- Crystals in the face - Magnesium compounds on ivory miniatures and objects
Gerhard Eggert, Academy of Art and Design, Stuttgart, Germany
- Resolving the conflict between building preservation and the proper temperature and relative humidity requirements of collections
Charles S. Tumosa, Smithsonian Center for Materials Research and Education

*Colorants, Pigments and Dyes (Chaired by Jennifer Giaccai, Freer Gallery of Art/Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution)

- Pigments and Colorants Found in a Thracian Tomb
Kate Duffy, Williamstown Art Conservation Center,Williamstown, NY
- The Nineteenth Century Investigations of Edward Schunck into Natural Dyes
Chris Cooksey, Watford, Herts, UK
- Investigations on the Rheological and Physical Properties of Chinese Ink
Joseph Swider, Freer Gallery of Art/Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
- Iron Gall Ink Stabilization and Characterization
Cindy Connelly Ryan, Preservation Research and Testing Office, Library of Congress
- Applications of Raman Spectroscopy to Conservation Science
Robert Withnall, School of Chemical and Life Sciences, University of Greenwich

Back to Top


*Applications of Solid Phase Microextraction and GC/MS in the Conservation of Cultural Materials (chaired by Mark Ormsby, U S National Archives, and Christopher Maines, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC)

-An Introduction to GC/MS and Solid Phase Microextraction
H. McNair, Virginia Tech University

-SPME Analysis of Plasticizers in Laminated Objects
Mark Ormsby, U S National Archives

-Routine Measurements of Important Museum Air Corrosive Contaminants: Using Purge-and-Trap Technology and SPME Fibres as Collecting Medium
Jens Glasrup, The National Museum of Denmark

-Analysis of Exhibition Materials
Christopher Maines, National Gallery of Art

-GC-MS in the elucidation of 18th and 19th century painters' techniques
Narayan Khandekar, Fogg Art Museum

-Naum Gabo's 'Construction in Space', 1927: materials investigation
Ken Sutherland, Philadelphia Museum of Art

-Anything within arm's reach? A technical examination of Jackson Pollock's and Willem de Kooning's paintings from the 1940's through the 1950's
Susan Lake, Hirshhorn Museum

-The chemistry of oil paint media and resin-oil varnishes; analytical implications
Klaas Jan van den Berg, Instituut Collectie Nederland

-New possibilities for analytical pyrolysis as a suitable diagnostic tool for analysis of works of art
Giuseppe Chiavari, Università di Bologna

*Science in the Conservation of Cultural Heritage: Young Investigators, and: Diverse Methods (two sessions chaired by Janice Carlson, Winterthur Museum)

-A Technical Study of Schimmel Eagles using integrated methods
Danielle Snowflack, Muhlenberg College, with Janice Carlson, Winterthur Museum and Marsha Baar, Muhlenberg College

-Chinese Ink: Characterization of an East Asian Painting Material using laser doppler microelectrophoresis and electron microscopy
Joseph R. Swider, Freer Gallery of Art & Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

-Analytical challenges for Conservation Research at the British Museum, using Raman and integrated methods
Laurianne Robinet, British Museum

-Chromatographic and spectroscopic differentiation of insect dyes on East Asian paintings
Jennifer Giaccai and John Winter, Freer Gallery of Art & Arthur M. Sackler Gallery


*Science in the Conservation of Cultural Heritage: Diverse Methods

-Peering into the Archimedes Palimpsest: Through the Past, Murkily
William A. Christens-Barry, Johns Hopkins University

-Chemiluminescence of cellulose: can light lead the way to improve paper conservation?
Matija Strlic and Jana Kolar, University of Ljubljana

-Synchrotron X-Ray Studies of European and Islamic Astrolabes
Brian Newbury and Michael Notis, Lehigh University

-Materials Research at the Library of Congress
Cindy Connelly-Ryan and Chandru Shahani, Library of Congress

-Swelling of clay inclusions in stone
Inmaculada Jimenez Gonzalez and George W. Scherer, Princeton University

Back to Top


*Science in the Conservation of Paper Media (chaired by Dianne van der Reyden, Smithsonian Center for Materials Research and Education, Washington, DC; Laura Stirton Aust, Artcare, Inc. and New York Conservation Foundation):

-The Basis of Paper "Fiber" Identification - A Plant Anatomist's Perspective
Harry Alden, Smithsonian Center for Materials Research and Education, Washington, DC

-Micro-analytical (stratigraphic) analysis of paper and other sheet-like materials, including added decorations
Jan Wouters, Laboratory for Materials and Techniques, Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage, Brussels, Belgium

-Multi-instrumental analysis of paper documents
Eugene Hall, Chemistry Department, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ

-Methods for analyzing the gelatin content of historical papers
Mark Ormsby, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC

-Monitoring Change in Works on Paper: Recent research at LACMA
Terry Schaeffer, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA

-A pre-packaged a-amylase poulticing system: Albertina-kompresse
Ingrid Schwarz, Institution for Saarland Cultural Heritage, Saarland Museum, Germany

-Emission of volatile organic compounds from deacidified paper
John Havermans, TNO Industrial Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

-A new accelerated aging test for paper based on a comparison of different accelerated aging methods with natural aging
Chandru Shahani, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

* Science in the conservation of Cultural Heritage (Chaired by John Scott, New York Conservation Foundation, and Christopher W. McGlinchey, Conservation Department, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY)

-Using contemporary analytical techniques to characterize natural fibres in historic artifacts
Paul Garside, Paul Wyeth , Department of Chemistry and the Textile Conservation Center, University of Southampton, UK

-Analytical Study of Laminated Materials from the National Anthropological Archives Artwork Collection
Tara Kennedy, Claire Grundy, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC

-Effects of conservation cleaning of acrylic dispersion paint films: preliminary investigations
Elizabeth Jablonski, James Hayes and Mark Golden, Golden Artist Colors, Inc. , New Berlin, NY

-A standard protocol for analysis of drying oils by GC/MS
Geneviève Sansou, Analytical Research Laboratory, Canadian Conservation Institute , Ottawa, Canada

-Identification of paint compositions using complimentary spectral techniques
Julie A. Tinklenberg, Gene S. Hall, Department of Chemistry, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ

-Sight and insight: imaging in conservation
Alison Murray, Queen's University, Art Conservation Program, Kingston, Ontario

-Image processing to determine the properties of historic textile prototypes
Jeanette M. Cardamone, John G. Phillips, and William C. Damer, US Dept. of Agriculture, ARS, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, PA

-Science for conservation at the Museum of Modern Art
Christopher W. McGlinchey, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY

-Surfaces of unpainted steel sculptures
John Scott, New York Conservation Center, New York, NY

Back to Top


*Biodeterioration of Cultural Heritage: Microbes and Macrobes (Co-Chaired by R. Kumar, United Panel, Inc., Allentown, Pennsylvania, and L. N. Sorkin, American Museum of Natural History, New York)

-Interaction of Air Pollutants with Microbial Biofilms on Historic Limestone
R. Mitchell, M. Breuker, T. Perry, Harvard University
-Observations on Two Biocide Treatments for Outdoor Stone Monuments
D. Wessel, Architectural Resources Group
-Microbial Controls in Historical Buildings Using Ventilation
S. Maekawa, The Getty Conservation Institute, N. Valentin, Instituto del Patrimonio Historico Espanol
-An Application of DNA-based Methods to Study Biodeterioration of Cultural Property
F.E. Nieto-Fernandez, SUNY College at Old Westbury
-Fungal Fox Spots in Old Books: Characterization and Species ID Using SEM, EDX, and Histochemical Analysis
M. E. Florian, Royal, British Columbia Museum
-An Introduction to Microbes and Macrobes Involved with Biodeterioration of Cultural Heritage
L.N. Sorkin, American Museum of Natural History
-Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program at the National Park Service, Department of Conservation, Harpers Ferry Center
B. Cumberland, National Park Service
-Elimination of Structure-infesting Termite Populations in Historic Buildings Using Precision Targeting and Baiting Techniques
N. Su, University of Florida
-Setting Priorities: Integrated Pest Management in an Anthropology Collection
P.F. Beelitz, American Museum of Natural History
-Some Examples of Conservation Mediation of Insect and Fungal Problems in NAtural History Exhibits
J. Levinson, L. Kronthal, American Museum of Natural History
-Problems with the Controlled Biodeterioration in Damien Hirst's "A Thousand Years"
L. Bruno, Brooklyn Museum of Art

*Young Investigators in Conservation Science (J.J. Bischoff, National Park Service, Harpers Ferry Center)

J.J. Bischoff, National Park Service
-The Role of Pore Structure in Desalination of Archaeological Ceramics
M.S. Walton, J.J. Bischoff, National Park Service
-Stuccoed Tripod Vessels from Teotihuacan: An Examincation of Materials and Manufacture
J. Fletcher, Denver Art Museum, F.C. Tahk, State University College at Buffalo
-Analysis and Interpretation of the Painted Finishes of the Great Stone Church at Mission San Juan Capistrano, CA
R. Fourie, University of Pennsylvania
-A Technical Investigation of Willem de Looning's Paintings from the 1940s and the 1960s
S. Lake, Smithsonian Institution

*Developments in Laser Cleaning of Cultural Heritage Materials (Chaired by G. Young and C. Dignard, Canadian Conservation Institute).

-Developments in Laser Cleaning of Cultural Heritage Materials - Session Introduction
G. Young, Canadian Conservation Institute
-Laser Characterization and Cleaning of Nineteenth Century Daguerreotypes
J.C. Miller, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, G. Romer, International Museum of Photography and Film, P. Messier, Boston Art Conservation
-Laser Induced Changes to Surface Morphology, Developing a Protocol for the Study of the Effects of Laser Cleaning of Art Objects
M. Abraham, J. Hirx, T. Schaeffer, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, M. Gilberg, National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, G. Young, C. Dignard, Canadian Conservation Institute, Y. Deslandes, National Research Council of Canada
-Laser Yellowing, Myth or Reality?
V. Verges-Belmin, Lab de Recherches - Monuments Historiques
-Controlled Laser Cleaning of Easel Paintings; Fundamentals and Applications
R.M. Heeren, FOM-Institute for Atomic& Molecular Physics, J.M. Teule, J.H. Scholten, Art Innovation b.v., V. Zafiropulos, Foundation for Research & Technology-Hellas (Fo.R.T.H.)
-Developments in Laser Cleaning for Objects Conservation
G. Young, C. Dignard, Canadian Conservation Institute

Back to Top


*Analytical Investigations for Outdoor Sculpture (chaired by Dr. Helena Strandberg, Consultant, Goteborg, Sweden)

H. Strandberg, Consultant
-Investigations of Renaissance Bronze Fountains in Augsburg
M. Mach, Bayerisches Lanesamt fur Denkmalpflege
-The Analysis of Outdoor Bronze Sculptures from the Assemblee Nationale in Quebec City, Canada
J. Sirois, E. Moffatt, Canadian Conservation Institute, M. Singer, Centre de Conservation du Quebec
-Deterioration of Patina on Outdoor Bronzes
H. Strandberg, Consultant
-Development of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Measurements for Outdoors Bronze Corrosion Analysis
P. Letardi, A. Beccaria, Inst. per la Corrosione Marina dei Metalli, M. Marabelli, G. D'Ercoli, Instituto Centrale del Restauro
-Instrumental Analysis in the Care and Study of Outdoor Sculpture
J.C. Scott, New York Conservation Center

*Analytical Investigations for Art and Archaeology: Applications in Mass Spectroscopy (Chaired by B. Price, Philadelphia Museum of Art)

B. Price, Philadelphia Museum of Art
-GC/MS Analysis of Carbohydrates in Works of Art
R. Newman, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, K. Duffy, Winterfhur Museum
-Evaporation of Fatty Acids and the Formation of Ghost Images by Framed Oil Paintings
M. Schilling, D. Carson, H. Khanjian, Getty Conservation Institute
-Mass Spectrometric Studies of Paintings by Molart
J. Boon, K.J. van den Berg, R. Heeren, FOM Institute for Atomic & Molecular Physics
-The Role of Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectr4ometry (PY-GC-MS) in the Study of Modern Painting Materials
T. Learner, Tate Gallery
-Application of Liquie Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS) to the Analysis of Artists' and Conservation MAterials
N. Shibayama, K. Sutherland, E.R. de la Rie, S. Lomax, National Gallery of Art

*Analytical Investigations for Art and Archaeology: Young Investigators (Chaired by C. L. Reedy, University of Delaware)

C.L. Reedy, University of Delaware
-Early Medieval Venetian Glasses: Roman Remnants or the Birth of an Industry?
J. Mass, Buffalo State College
-The Analysis of Historic Mortars and Cements
E. Goins, Unverisity of Delaware
-Investigations of Sulfur Dioxide Deposition onto Building Stone
E. Bede, National Park Service
-Edo Blues: UV-VIS, FTIR, and GC-MS Identification of Blue Colorants in Japanese Paintings of the Edo Periods
M. Leona, J. Winter, Smithsonian Institution
-An Examination of Organic Brown Pigments in Japanese Ukiyo-e School Paintings
J. Giaccai, J. Winter, Smithosonian Institution

Back to Top


*Materials Analysis in the Conservation of Textiles (Chaired by D. Montegut, Fashion Institute of Technology)

-Opening Remarks
D. Montegut, Fashion Institute of Technology
-An Identification Protocol for Deteriorated Bast Fibers: Physical and Chemical Tests and Phytolith Analysis
N. Kerr, University of Alberta, J. Marshall, Newton Site C15, Y. Olivotto, Consultant
Ageing of Oily Soils on Textiles: Chemical Changes Upon Oxidation and Interaction with Textile Fabrics
S.K. Obendorf, Cornell University
Confocal Microscopy and Its Use in the Study of Dye Diffusion
M. Srinicasarao, North CArolina State University
-Chemical and Physicochemical Approaches to Assessing Silk Deterioration
G. Young, S. Tse, Canadian Conservation Institute
-Local or Imported Textiles? Dimensional Characterization of Silk Fibers Using a Light Microscope for Comparing Textile Fibers from Different Sources
C. Jirousek, Cornell University


*Analysis for Textile History and Conservation (Chaired by M. Ballard, Smithsonian Institute, and N. Indictor, Brooklyn College-CUNY)

-How to Characterize and Distinguish Woven Silk Used in East Asian Paintings: Application of Image Analysis
J. Winter, S. Funk, Freer Gallery of Art / Sackler Gallery of Art, D. Danze, Smithosnian Institution
-The Contribution of Dye Analysis to Textile Research May be Improved by the Application of Modern Analytical Equipment
J. Wouters, Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage (IRPA)
-Accelerator Radiocarbon Dating of Artworks, Textiles, and Artifacts
A.T. Jull, D. Donahue, University of Arizona
-Some Attitudes Towards Carbon-14 Dating of Textiles
N. Indictor, Brooklyn College-CUNY, M. Ballard, Smithosonian Institution

*Conservation Research and Analysis: The Graduate Years (Chaired by S. Sass, New York University, New York, NY)

-Conservation Research and Analysis: The Graduate Years
S. Sass, New York University, New York, NY
-Technical Study of Deteriorating Soft Clay Sculptures Using XRF and FTIR Spectroscopy
R. Stein, The Cloisters, Conservation Department, J.H. Carlson, Winterthur Museum
-Use of ESCA for the Investication of Barriers to Staining for Mold Making MAterials - A Look at Cyclododecane as a New Conservation MAterial
G.A. Strickler, State University College at Buffalo
-An Etruscan Terra-Cotta Funerary Urn: Manufacturing and Firing Technology
S. Nunberg, L. Becker, Worcester Art Museum, K. Rutledge, Worcester Polutechnic Institute
-Investigations into the Possible Factors Which Catalyze or Contribute to the Production, Diffusion, and Exudation of Free Fatty Acids from an Alizarin Crimson Oil Film
B. Rimer, The Musuem of Modern Art, New York, NY
-The Effects of Adhesive Backing Treatments on the Light Stability of Sil,
I.F. Karsten, N. Kerr, Unviersity of Alberta
-Color and Materials Analysis of Original Plaster Finishes in Frank Lloyd Wright's George Barton House, Buffalo, NY
A. Meyer, N. Wiedemer, Buffalo State University

*Instrumental Analysis in Archaeology, Architecture, and Art (Chaired by J. C. Scott, New York Conservation Center, New York, NY)

-Science and Analysis in Conservation
J.C. Scott, New York Conservation Center, New York, NY
-Geophysics in Archaeology: Some Recent Results and Emerging Technologies
A. Witten, University of Oklahoma
-Ancient DNA in Texas Rock Paintings
M. Rowe, M. Hyman, Texas A&M University
-Unusual Glass-bodied, Glazed Beads of the Warring States Period, CHina
C.P. Stapleton, Corning Museum of Glass, B. Hanson, Corning, Inc.
-Crizzling in Chinese Glasses: Compositional Problems
S. Koob, Freer Gallery of Art
-Multifactor Automated Data Acquisition System for Monitoring a Protective Microclimate for Historic Stained Glass
D. Fraser, St. Ann Center for Preservation and the Arts, J.C. Scott, New York Conservation Center

Back to Top


*Marine Archaeology (Chaired by J. Leader, South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, Columbia, SC)

-Imaging the Unseen: New Techniques in the Preservation of Marine Cultural Resources
J. Leader, South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, Columbia, SC

-Acoustic Sub-Bottom Profiling Strategies in the Determination of Anvironmental Variables
D. Moss, Field Applications Engineering, Edgetech Inc., Milford, MA
-Ship Shape Inspection Data Collection and Display System for Underwater Ship Husbandry
L. Whitlock & L. Karl, Oceaneering Inc., Advanced Technologies Group, Upper Marlboro, MD
-Remote Determinations of Anodic and Cathodic Reactions
D.R. Polly, Consultant, Oxnard, CA
-Development of Conservation Monitoring Programs for Submerged Cultural Resources Within the Parks Canada System
J. Stewart & L. Murdock, Parks Canada, Historic Resources Conservation Branch, Ottawa, Canada
-The H.L. Hunley: Conservation Analysis and Strategies
J. Leader, South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, Columbia, SC

*Art Conservation (Chaired by J. Scott, New York Conservation Center, New York, NY)

-Conservation Science at EAS
J.C. Scott, New York Conservation Center, New York, NY
-Development and applications of VIS-NIR Image Spectroscopy
M. Picollo, M. Bacci, A. Casini, F. Lotti, S. Porcinai, B. Radicati, L. Stefani, IROE, Firenze, Italy
-Application of Liquid Chromatography / Mass Spectroscopy (LC/MS) to the Analysis of Artists' Materials
N. Shibayama, K. Sutherland, S. Lomax, E. Rene de la Rie, National Gallery of Art, Conservation Division, Scientific Research Dept., Washington, DC
-Technical Study of Two Painted Wooden Pennsylvania German Chests
J.H. Carlson, G.J. Landrey, Winterthur Museum, Conservation Division, Winterthur, DE
-Dynamics of Deterioration: New Advances in Conservation From Time-Lapse Video and ESEM Microscopy
E. Doehne, C. Rodriguez-Navarro, The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, CA
-Application of Reflection-Absorption Infrared Spectroscopy (RAIR) and Attenuated Total Reflectance Spectroscopy (ATR) to the Chemical Characterization of Metal/Coating Interfaces for Outdoor Bronzes
L. Brostoff, E. Rene de la Rie, National Gallery of Art, Conservation Division, Sicentific Research Dept., Washington, DC
-Laser Based Techniques in Chemical and structural diagnostics of Painted Artworks
C. Fotakis, D. Anglos, C. Balas, S. Couris, V. Zafiropulas, FORTH-IESL, Laser and Applications Division, Heraklion, Crete, Greece

Back to Top


*Accessible Methods for Conservator Analysts (Chaired by J. Scott, New York Conservation Center, New York, NY)

-The conservator analyst
J. Scott, N Y Conservation Center)
-Measuring and interpreting storage environment data from closed containers
J. Roberts, National Park Service
-The Image Permanence Institute's environmental assessment technology
J. Reilly, Image Permanence Institute
-Measuring and interpreting Ph of diverse media
S. Tse, Canadian Conservation Institute
-Ph and small ion measurements on cross-sectional samples of paintings using colorimetric and fluorimetric dyes
R. Wolbers, Winterthur Museum
-A portable spectrophotometer provides precise reference values when matching paint colors from historic buildings and artifacts
F. Welsh, Paint Analyst

*Analytical Studies of Archaeological Artifacts and Works of Art (R. Newman, Chair, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston)

-X-ray fluorescence analysis of ancient Chinese jades
J. Douglas, Freer Gallery of Art
-Analytical techniques used to investigate the palette and color notations in Tibetan Thangkas
K. Duffy, Winterthur Museum
-Characterization of earthen loom weights from Karman, Kalehoyek, Turkey
B. Price, Philadelphia Museum of Art
-Medieval Eastern Indian bronzes
C. Reedy, University of Delaware
-Piet Mondrian's neoplastic and late period paintings
E. Ordonez, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
-New light on an early Flemish painting, Roger van der Weyden's "St. Luke Drawing the Virgin"
R. Newman, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Back to Top


*Imaging For Conservation (John Scott, Chair, N Y Conservation Center)

-Imaging for conservation
J. Scott, N Y Conservation Center
-Electronic imaging and conservation
A.B. Newman, The Art Institute of Chicago
-Imaging techniques in the examination of works of art
M. Skalka, The National Gallery of Art
-Imaging applications at the Harvard Art Museums' Strauss Center for Conservation
H. Lie, Fogg Art Museum
-Pigment identification in artworks by multispectral imaging in the near infrared
E. Walmsley, the National Gallery of Art
-Imaging for conservation
J. Coddington,The Museum of Modern Art


*Microanalysis for Conservation (A. E. Charola, Co-Chair, Consultant; R. Koestler, Co-Chair, Metropolitan Museum of Art)

-The Mysteries of Death revealed--a technical study of Rembrandt Peale's painting
J. J. Bischoff, State University of N Y, College at Buffalo
-Pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy of materials used in Asian art
C. A. Maines, Freer Gallery of Art
-Capillary electrophoresis: a new analytical tool to help identify artists' materials
C. McGlinchey, Metropolitan Museum of Art
-Elemental organic ultramicroanalysis of binding media
D. C. Stulik, Getty Conservation Institute
-Measurement of surface roughness as a means of assessing damage to monumental stone during cleaning
A.E. Charola, Consultant
-Application of PIXE and laser-desorption mass spectroscopy for understanding early American glass technology
C. Reedy, University of Delaware
-Analytical techniques for the study of corroding bronze
J. Kruger, Johns Hopkins University
-Materials investigation of the interior metalwork of the Lincoln Memorial
P. A. Lins, Philadelphia Museum of Art

Back to Top


*Science and Instrumental Analysis in Conservation (J. Scott, Chair, N Y Conservation Center)

-Conservation science: Applying chemistry to understanding works of art
S. Q. Lomax, National Gallery of Art
-Ancient Egyptian painting: a study of binding media and varnishes
R. Newman, Museum of Fine Art, Boston
-The environmental response of museum objects: from the theoretical to the practical
C. S. Tumosa, Conservation Analytical Laboratory
-Image analysis and the condition of daguerreotype plates
J. S. Arney, Rochester Institute of Technology
-Materials analysis of a Chinese wall painting and a Chinese palace hall ceiling
B. A. Price, Philadelphia Museum of Art
-Conservation science and the art conservator
J. Scott, N Y Conservation Center


*Microscopy in Art Conservation and Analysis (E. Ordonez, Chair, Museum of Modern Art)

-Discovery of clay in Dosso's imprimatura using SEM/EDS
B. H. Berrie, National Gallery of Art
-Analysis of the inorganic and organic components in ancient Maya painted stucco sculpture
M. Derrick, Getty Conservation Institute
-Autofluorescence/emission spectra of artist raw materials using a fluorescence microscope and a spectroradiometer
A. E. Santiago, University of Bridgeport
-Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy of glassy materials in the museum
M. T. Wypiski, Metropolitan Mueum of Art
-Three dimensional light and electron microscopies
J. N. Turner, Wadsworth Center for Laboratories and Research

*For further background information and on the Conservation Science Annual, please visit: palimpsest.stanford.edu/news/eashist.html

Back to Top

Contact Information

For further information on the current EAS Conservation Science Annual and/or to propose future sessions or topics:

Contact EAS/NYCF CSA Coordinators at NYConsnFdn@aol.com

Phone:  212.714.0620

Fax:       212.714.0149 (Must Call or email first)


For information on EAS' entire analytical chemistry technical program, the EAS commercial expositions, and for instructions on registration and housing:

Website: www.EAS.org

Mailing Address:

Eastern Analytical Symposium, Inc.
P.O. Box 370
Walkersville, MD 21793

Back to Top

Photos by John Scott, NYCF